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Association between tinnitus and depressive symptoms in the South Korean population

by Minah Park, Soo Hyun Kang, Fatima Nari, Eun-Cheol Park, Sung-In Jang
In this study, we aimed to examine the association between tinnitus and depressive symptoms in middle-aged and elderly South Korean population. The participants were selected from among those who participated in the 2014, 2016, and 2018 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. The incidence and severity of tinnitus was assessed using a self-reported questionnaire, while depressive symptoms were evaluated using ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Mon, 20 Dec 2021 15:00 UTC

Tinnitus-like “hallucinations” elicited by sensory deprivation in an entropy maximization recurrent neural network

by Aviv Dotan, Oren Shriki
Sensory deprivation has long been known to cause hallucinations or “phantom” sensations, the most common of which is tinnitus induced by hearing loss, affecting 10–20% of the population. An observable hearing loss, causing auditory sensory deprivation over a band of frequencies, is present in over 90% of people with tinnitus. Existing plasticity-based computational models for tinnitus are usually driven by homeostatic mechanisms, modeled to fit phenomenological findings. ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Wed, 08 Dec 2021 15:00 UTC

The effect of systemic administration of salicylate on the auditory cortex of guinea pigs

by Mutsumi Kenmochi, Kentaro Ochi, Hirotsugu Kinoshita, Yasuhiro Miyamoto, Izumi Koizuka
Objective To investigate the effect of systemic administration of salicylate as a tinnitus inducing drug in the auditory cortex of guinea pigs.
Methods Extracellular recording of spikes of the primary auditory cortex and dorsocaudal areas in healthy male albino Hartley guinea pigs was continuously performed (pre- and post-salicylate).
Results We recorded 160 single units in the primary auditory ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Thu, 11 Nov 2021 15:00 UTC

Short-term outcomes of cochlear implantation for single-sided deafness compared to bone conduction devices and contralateral routing of sound hearing aids—Results of a Randomised controlled trial (CINGLE-trial)

by Jeroen P. M. Peters, Jan A. A. van Heteren, Anne W. Wendrich, Gijsbert A. van Zanten, Wilko Grolman, Robert J. Stokroos, Adriana L. Smit
Single-sided deafness (SSD) leads to difficulties with speech perception in noise, sound localisation, and sometimes tinnitus. Current treatments (Contralateral Routing of Sound hearing aids (CROS) and Bone Conduction Devices (BCD)) do not sufficiently overcome these problems. Cochlear implants (CIs) may help. Our aim was to evaluate these treatments in a ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Wed, 13 Oct 2021 16:00 UTC

The effect of caffeine on tinnitus: Randomized triple-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial

by Alleluia Lima Losno Ledesma, Daniele Leite Rodrigues, Isabella Monteiro de Castro Silva, Carlos Augusto Oliveira, Fayez Bahmad Jr
Objective To test the hypothesis that caffeine can influence tinnitus, we recruited 80 patients with chronic tinnitus and randomly allocated them into two groups (caffeine and placebo) to analyze the self-perception of tinnitus symptoms after caffeine consumption, assuming that this is an adequate sample for generalization.
Methods The participants were ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Mon, 20 Sep 2021 16:00 UTC

The role of vitamin D in subjective tinnitus—A case-control study

by Magdalena Nowaczewska, Stanislaw Osinski, Maria Marzec, Michal Wicinski, Katarzyna Bilicka, Wojciech Kazmierczak
Regarding the high prevalence of vitamin D (25(OH)D) deficiency in the population and its possible association with ear diseases, we aimed to investigate the 25(OH)Dserum level in patients with subjective, nonpulsating tinnitus and its effect on tinnitus severity. The study included 201 tinnitus patients and 99 controls. Patient clinical information, including tinnitus ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Wed, 18 Aug 2021 16:00 UTC

Post-earthquake dizziness syndrome following the 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes, Japan

by Toru Miwa, Hidetake Matsuyoshi, Yasuyuki Nomura, Ryosei Minoda
This study aimed to examine the types and causes of dizziness experienced by individuals after a major earthquake. This cross-sectional study enrolled healthy participants who experienced the 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes and their aftershocks. Participants completed a questionnaire survey on their symptoms and experiences after the earthquakes. The primary outcome was the occurrence of dizziness and the secondary outcome was the ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Thu, 05 Aug 2021 16:00 UTC

REM-related obstructive sleep apnea and vertigo: A retrospective case-control study

by Po-Yueh Chen, Tzu-Ying Chen, Pin-Zhir Chao, Wen-Te Liu, Chyi-Huey Bai, Sheng-Teng Tsao, Yi-Chih Lin
Background In recent population-based case-control studies, sleep apnea was significantly associated with a higher incidence (hazard ratio, 1.71) of vertigo and the risk of tinnitus was found to increase 1.36 times in patients with sleep apnea. The possibility that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) might affect neurotological consequences was not noticed, until studies using polysomnography (PSG) for ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Fri, 11 Jun 2021 16:00 UTC

Content validity of the tinnitus outcome questionnaire for sound management

by Hye Yoon Seol, Ga-Young Kim, Mini Jo, Soojin Kang, Young Sang Cho, Sung Hwa Hong, Il Joon Moon
Standardized instruments are often used to monitor one’s progress in tinnitus relief although they were developed to screen and diagnose tinnitus. The need for the development for a tinnitus outcome assessment tool is high in the field of audiology and otolaryngology. The purpose of this study was to develop a tinnitus outcome questionnaire for sound management (listening to sound stimuli for tinnitus ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Thu, 06 May 2021 16:00 UTC

Two birds with one stone.–Addressing depressive symptoms, emotional tension and worry improves tinnitus-related distress and affective pain perceptions in patients with chronic tinnitus

by Benjamin Boecking, Matthias Rose, Petra Brueggemann, Birgit Mazurek
Background Psychological factors link the co-occurrence of tinnitus-related distress and pain perceptions in patients with chronic tinnitus.
Objective This study examines, if treatment-related changes in these factors ameliorate both tinnitus-related distress and pain perceptions in a sample of patients with chronic tinnitus.
Methods N = 1238 patients with chronic tinnitus provided pre- and post-treatment ratings of ...

Source: PLOSOne
Published: Thu, 11 Mar 2021 15:00 UTC